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Projects & Challenges

Sener

Challenge 1

Solar thermal power plants are electricity generation plants that utilize energy from the Sun to heat a fluid to a high temperature. This fluid then transfers its heat to water, which then becomes superheated steam. This steam is then used to turn turbines in a power plant, and this mechanical energy is converted into electricity by a generator. This type of generation is essentially the same as electricity generation that uses fossil fuels, but instead heats steam using sunlight instead of combustion of fossil fuels. These systems use solar collectors to concentrate the Sun's rays on one point to achieve appropriately high temperatures.

In Spain and the rest of the world while the thermosolar energy is going backwards for some reason, other types of energy generation such as the fotovoltaic and energy storage are increasing their market share.

Due to several problems occured in these plants, the thermosolar technology has adquired the perception of being more complex, the perception of being more risky for investors and the perception of being more expensive than other technologies.

Nevertheless SENER has an extraordinary experience within the executed projects. It is not only a matter of comparing the Euro/kwh generated with other technologies, but also other benefits such as the sustainability, employment generated, etc..

The objective of this CHALLENGE is to identify what actions and measures can be adopted to try to change the aforementioned perception of this technology.

Sener

Challenge 2

In SENER we have a great experience designing infrastructures such as roads, ports, bridges, railways, etc. And we know very well which are the energy costs of each one.
We are also sensitive to European Union targets over the climate and energy framework:
- At least 40% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels)
- At least 32% share for renewable energy
- At least 32.5% improvement in energy efficiency
That is reason behind trying to identify a natural energy source which can re-use the energy already used.

Have in mind the law of conservation of mass:
In physics and chemistry, the law of conservation of mass or principle of mass conservation states that for any system closed to all transfers of matter and energy, the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as the system's mass cannot change, so quantity can neither be added nor be removed. Therefore, the quantity of mass is conserved over time.

Would we be able to think in a way to use the existing natural energy or to re-use the already consumed one to reduce the infrastructure energy consuption?

Some examples are the PISTON Effect or the human body heat or the train breaks heat. Also see TUNEL ENERGY COMPANY.

Sener

Challenge 3

Pollution in big cities is a reality and millions of people suffer from it. According to the OMS up to 3 million people die prematurely due to pollution. Currently all environmental policies are focused on reducing the sources of emissions in order to reduce pollution levels, but this process of change takes a long period of time to establish medium / long-term objectives.
Is there a way to purify air in a way that reduces pollution levels in big cities?
One of the policies established by the European Union is to expand green areas as they favor the reduction of pollution. Various studies affirm that trees are effective natural elements to reduce pollution levels. In this sense, the plants have a process that favors the elimination of contamination.
We are looking for all kinds of ideas that allow to reduce pollution levels by attacking directly on the polluted air and not so much on the sources of emissions. Both global solutions (an entire city) and specific areas are valid.
This solution, which would be in line with the Sustainable Development Goals, would benefit us all and would improve people's health and control pollutants emitted into the atmosphere.
Pollution in cities is a reality. At SENER we have been able to generate complex processes in order to obtain energy. Could we generate some type of process that helps to reduce pollution in the environment? Can you think of what things we could do to eliminate or reduce pollution in the environment?
https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2030_en

How could we eliminate or reduce the air pollution in cities?

Sener

Challenge 4

The Covid-19 pandemic has changed our lives, and today it is an obvious challenge in many ways.
One of the consequences of the pandemic has been a drastic reduction in the levels of use of collective means of transport (subway, bus, rail, plane, ship ...), not only and logically in moments of confinement experienced throughout the world, but throughout the subsequent period up to today. People are afraid to use public transportation in current circumstances.
Many people are not willing to take the risk of sharing a closed space with others at short distances and for long periods of time, and are opting for the use of private vehicles or other means of transport.
This circumstance is translating into a drastic reduction in the occupancy levels of the collective transport systems, which are facing an unprecedented crisis, both due to the reduction in income from ticket sales, and in some cases due to the loss of government grants that are tied to the degree of utilization.
In parallel there are many trips that are being transferred to the private vehicle, which is much less efficient in terms of energy and more polluting, with which the planet is also being harmed.
In this context, the challenge has two dimensions.

How could we minimize the risk of virus contagion in public transport?

- In the first place, it is about finding solutions that minimize the risk of virus contagion (today it is Covid-19, tomorrow it may be another) in public transport.
- And secondly, and with relative independence from the above, to find ways to overcome the fear of users to use it in pandemic conditions like the ones we are experiencing.
We look for solutions that are capable of generating a product or a service that we can offer to our clients, to help them overcome the extremely complicated situation in which they find themselves.

Sener

Challenge 5

The City Councils have among their competences the provision of numerous public services aimed at satisfying the needs and aspirations of citizens: water supply, public lighting, street cleaning, sewerage and wastewater treatment, collection and treatment of waste, public passenger transport, maintenance of parks and gardens, conservation of public roads, regulation of vehicle and human traffic on urban roads, safety in public places, civil protection, prevention and fire fighting, protection of public health, management of cemeteries and funeral services, urban planning, management, execution and discipline, promotion and management of housing, management of historical-artistic heritage, protection of the environment , social services and promotion and social reintegration, management of cultural activities and facilities es and sports, free time and tourism.
To these services of a public nature must be added others of an auxiliary nature, necessary for the operation of the municipal facilities themselves, such as the supply of energy for public buildings, their lighting, heating, cleaning ...All these services, whether provided with their own means or through contracts, represent a very important cost for cities, and on the other hand, the level of quality with which they are provided has a very important impact on the day-to-day life of citizens and also on many other dimensions of the city, such as the ability to attract tourism, economic activities, etc.
Improving efficiency in the provision of these services is one of the main objectives of Smart cities, which can be defined as an integrated system of systems that use the scientific-technical revolution and ICT to achieve the improvement of the quality of life, security for the population and the urban heritage, efficiency in the operation and urban services and productivity in its economic activities.
From this point of view, the objective of the challenge is to identify technological solutions that allow the different urban services to be provided in a more efficient way, with lower operating costs for the City Council, and with better benefits for citizens.

Sener

Challenge 6

Currently in many big cities, vehicular congestion generates long delays in travel times and in the quality of life of people.

Having an efficient management of cities services would promote the use of public transport while it maintains the a balance in the vehicular load in the streets of the city and the adequate use of public transport.

The challenge has the following objectives:
- Seek technological solutions related to smart cities for traffic management and the integration and improvement of public transport
- Find the necessary methodologies for the integration of public transport and private vehicles
- Conceptual design of the communications network that would support the project

How could we efficiently manage and integrate vehicular traffic, services and infrastructure to promote the use of public transport using the concept of Smart Cities?

Gallastegui - Saltoki

Challenge 1

The human population of the earth has now passed 7 billion and all of these inhabitants want the energy necessary to sustain their lives.
The school is sensitive to the European Union´s framework of action on sustainability and efficient use of energy and it has asked Gallastegui and Saltoki to draft a technical-economic proposal for the project.
One o f the options is the replacemrnt of the current means of electrical supply with a photovoltaic autonomous system. Based on this idea, students will work on the Employer’s Requirements by writing a tender technical specification.

The technical specification will consists of the following deliverables:
- Engineering Technical Note
- Architecture Technical Note
- Economic Study
- Legal permit Document
- School Board of Directors Approval Document

San Juan de Dios Hospital

Challenge 1

The origins of the San Juan de Dios Hospital in Santurce date back to 1920, when the brothers of the Order of San Juan de Dios in Vizcaya and Pedro de Icaza y Aguirre agreed to set up a hospital on the Left Bank of the Bilbao estuary.
The Hospitaller Order is present today in fifty countries on the five continents, with more than 400 apostolic works, dedicated to caring for the sick and suffering people in all their needs.
The Order is at the service of the sick in general and the mentally ill. It also has units for palliative care, for patients with AIDS, Alzheimer's, etc. It also has centers for people with physical or intellectual disabilities, for the elderly, people without their own home, and for programs aimed at caring for drug addicts, among others.

In order to achieve the excellence the Hospital follows a Quality Policy based on the following principles:
1. Achieve patient satisfaction and meet their needs and expectations.
2. Maintain a quality system that works accurately and efficiently.
3. To provide an efficient and complete service in all our services.
4. Control and progressively reduce the number of incidents in the treatment of the patient within the different services of the Hospital.
5. Carry out efficient work in managing resources, both your own and the patient's.
6. Continuously improve the indicators of the associated processes.
7. Have satisfied working people.

Nevertheless, new expectations from patients have forced healthcare providers to rethink their patient engagement strategies. Happy patients are more likely to return to your practice in the future, recommend your practice to their friends and pay their bills on time and in full. The Hospital is looking for new ways of increasing the patients satisfaction

San Juan de Dios Hospital

Challenge 2

The origins of the San Juan de Dios Hospital in Santurce date back to 1920, when the brothers of the Order of San Juan de Dios in Vizcaya and Pedro de Icaza y Aguirre agreed to set up a hospital on the Left Bank of the Bilbao estuary.
The Hospitaller Order is present today in fifty countries on the five continents, with more than 400 apostolic works, dedicated to caring for the sick and suffering people in all their needs.
The Order is at the service of the sick in general and the mentally ill. It also has units for palliative care, for patients with AIDS, Alzheimer's, etc. It also has centers for people with physical or intellectual disabilities, for the elderly, people without their own home, and for programs aimed at caring for drug addicts, among others.

The Hospital San Juan de Dios, aligned with the values of the Hospital Order of San Juan de Dios, aspires to continue providing medical-surgical health services as a reference Institution for the professionals of the health care sector.
1. Providing a rapid response to the health problems of the citizens of its environment.
2. Having a well known line of action focused on care (palliative, rehabilitative, etc.) with multidisciplinary and innovative human teams.
3. Promoting and collaborating in solidarity initiatives related to health, living and manifesting the charism of hospitality in the style of Saint Juan de Dios.

One of the biggest issues faced by hospitals nowadays isn’t discovering the next cure or caring for patients—it’s finding and retaining great professionals. Retaining employees is not only cost-effective, but it also adds continuity to your treatment, which can lead to higher-quality patient care. How is that possible in a competitive and ever-changing hospital environment? The hospital needs to increase its talent pool of professionals being aware of the budget restrictions.

San Juan de Dios Hospital

Challenge 3

Since its inception in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, also kown as (COVID-19), has been sprent rapidly both locally and internationally, and became certified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020.
The health-care professionals have been working in an environment of high risk, coupled with adherence to quarantine and stressors related to the job. It has been found that under these circumstances the psychological health of frontline healthcare workers have been seriously affected.
The Hospital is aware of the situation and is looking for methods and procedures to assess the perceived symptoms, come up with combat strategies, and motivating factors among health-care service providers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
How can we help and regain our professionals trust in the health system? What actions can we start implementing?

Kaener

Challenge 1

Over the years, energy efficiency use has become a key target for many disciplines. Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Among others, energy efficiency use is considered one of the game-changer for sustainability, contributing to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Gaztelueta is considering working on at least one of sustainability's three main pillars: the economy, society, and the environment:
Economy: e.g. potential cost savings for users through the use of the proposed solution;
Environment: e.g. developing environmentally sound solutions, ensuring standards are met;
Society: e.g. enhancing safety in production, use or end-of-life, stakeholder perception of solutions.

In this context, different challenges such as the designing and developing of more sustainable, ecological, and efficient smart buildings, can be addressed. A way to achieve this goal is to replace the current building HEATING SYSTEM by a more intelligent system which can be developed considering the new photovoltaic energy supply system.

Kaener is the company chosen by the school to develop the project. They need a clear and well-defined employer requirements. The participating students will make sure to meet the technical specification in time and quality so that Kaener can work on the technical proposal.

Tamar

Challenge 1

In 1975 the businessman Javier Acha founded one of the first self-service establishments in Spain and, after its success, he later launched another innovative food project.
Tamar started by preparing menus for the clients' headquarters. Since then, he has grown his business gradually and has made a clear commitment to quality, personalized service and innovation. Now it has become one of the benchmarks in catering services nationwide.
Tamar is a company specialized in restaurant and catering services for communities. It provides flexible and close proposals that offer a varied, healthy, balanced and current diet.
It develops solutions in the comprehensive management of dining rooms for companies, educational centers, Administrations, nursing homes and hospitals.
In recent years it has continued to innovate with a professional line for hotels, restaurants and companies that lack adequate facilities to produce their own products.
Tamar is now developing a new business line to cover a possible gap in the market. The participating students in this project will have to develop the business plan which will contain the following deliverables:
- Competence & market study
- Product proposal
- Diet and quality compliance
- Distribution Strategy
- Sales strategy
- Pricing document